Four-layer spherical self-organized maps neural networks trained by recirculation to simulate perception and abstraction activity : application to patterns of rainfall global reanalysis
Huggenberger, Darío Alberto
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Abstract This work is intended to organize a big set of time series. To do that a self-organized map is implemented in four spherical layers trainded by recirculation. This way tries to simulate aspects of perceotion and abstraction. The methodology and the fundamentals are describe. About the fundamentals, both from the problema point of view and the neural aspects as brain functioning, perception and abstraction concepts, psycho genetics and grouping ideas, and from the architecture of the network, scheme of training, spherical layers of the maps and algorithms involved in the iterative training, Then, it is used to organize a big set of time series of rainfall reanalysis on grid point around the Earth to show how it functions. After removing the average from the series, the annual cycle in shape and amplitude is the main criterion for oganization. It is shown how the successive layers contain more general abstractions, their representativeness around the Globe and in regional scale. It is compared with individual series in some points of grid. A posible change of behaviour is found in global scale around 1973 and with a variant in the methodogy a possible change in the annual cycle the same year.
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