Electrochemical characterization of MWCNT Ni(OH)2 composites as cathode materials
Castro, Élida Beatriz
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The hydrothermal method was used to synthesize multi-walled carbon nanotube/nickel hydroxide composites (MWCNT/Ni(OH)2). The structure and morphology of the prepared materials were characterized by X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy. The electrochemical performance of cathodes prepared with multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) loaded into the β-nickel hydroxide materials was investigated employing cyclic voltammetry, galvanostatic charge/discharge and electrochemical impedance spectroscopic measurements. It is shown that the cathode active material utilization increases for MWCNT/ Ni(OH)2 obtained after 24 h of hydrothermal synthesis. These composites exhibit a fairly good electrochemical performance as cathode materials. Based on the results, this fact could be associated with the formation of a continuous conductive network structure in the hydroxide matrix. The analyses of impedance data, according to a physicochemical model, allow the improvement of a better understanding of the main structural and physicochemical parameters that control the electrochemical performance of these systems.