Microparticles based on ionic and organosolv lignins for the controlled release of atrazine
Taverna, María E.
Busatto, Carlos Alberto
Lescano, Maia Raquel
Nicolau, Verónica V.
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Lignins are natural polymers of the lignocellulosic biomass. Nowadays, there is a growing interest in developing value-added products based on lignins due to their renewability, low cost and abundance. In this work, lignin microspheres from organosolv and ionic isolation processes were prepared for the controlled release of atrazine. Microspheres were prepared by the solvent extraction/evaporation technique. The controlled release of atrazine from organosolv and ionic lignins microparticles was studied in water. Mobility experiments were performed in an agricultural soil from Argentina. The results showed that microparticles prepared using dichloromethane as the dispersed phase were spherical, while lignins dispersed in ethyl acetate produce irregular microparticles. Organosolv lignin microparticles presented higher encapsulation efficiency for all herbicide loads. About 98% and 95% of atrazine was released in 24 and 48h approximately from organosolv and ionic lignin microparticles, respectively. The release profiles of atrazine from both lignin microparticles were not affected by the herbicide load. Atrazine mobility experiments in soil showed that about 80% of free atrazine was leached in 37 days, while 65.0% and 59.7% of the herbicide was leached from ionic and organosolv lignin microparticles, respectively. Thus, atrazine-loaded microparticles could reduce leaching compared to a commercial formulation of free atrazine.
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